ON4WW : Shack, Hardware & Antennas

Over the years, most hams undergo the discomfort of having to move their shack to different places. A discomfort, because with the years the pile of stuff to move, grows and grows.
It is not different with me, and I consider myself fortunate that I am now in shack number four, which should be the final destination.
As for antenna installation, this is a continuing process, in search for the optimum combination for successful communications.
I had to compromise, as the regulations in our country have become too severe and intolerant for ease of erecting towers.
Nevertheless, although my antennas are technically too low in height, the ON4WW station seems to be getting through the pileups with relative ease.

Topband has my main attention nowadays. Following links show my up to date 160m score, with call signs of stations first worked per DXCC alphabetically, and Chronological in Excel files.
The confirm field (CFM) shows N=not cfmd yet, Y=cfmd by that specific station and (Y)=cfmd by another station from that country.
No surprise my brother in crime Peter ON6TT was my first ever DX topband QSO, when he activated C30EMA in August 1990. Perhaps your call sign is on my list ? Thanks !
17 October 2005 : finished my WAS and WAZ by working KL7HBK on topband for my #242 - tnx John !

The actual station (August 2022) comprises a Yaesu FT-1000MP, a 32 year young KLM KT34-XA and a Cushcraft A3WS with 30m extension for the WARC bands.
For the low bands I use a quarter wave vertical for 40m, the twelve meter self-supporting tower shunt-fed for 80m, and an Inverted-L for 160m.
In 2020 the 4-square project was finished, which enabled access to 4-square antennas on the 40, 80 and 160m bands.

Weak signal reception on the low bands year round is with a K9AY array. When Gary published his article in QST, September 1997, I immediately constructed this simple yet marvel antenna and placed it at first in the backyard, a few years later on the field.
Late 1997 I also asked ON4UN 'Hey John, what abt beverage antennas at my location?' John instantly and effortlessly made this freehand drawing schematic. It took him 4 pieces of paper and a few minutes of time - his expertise was quite amazing.
I used these eight Beverage antennas in winter time until 2012, no more halas.
In 2009 Luc ON5UK designed a fabulous tailor-made beverage touch button switchbox, a design which was very welcomed by other DXers as well.
In 2011 Luc described his design in this article. The article featured in the July 2012 edition of CQ Magazine.

I like QRP, I like QRPp. What a thrill to make contacts across the big pond with less than 1 Watt on topband !
I like QRO. When it comes down to amplifiers, it is a good idea to buy an amp-with-support on your own continent.
A testimony to this can be read on the OM POWER Amplifiers Page (they've held my back for a long time, tnx guys!).

In my 30+ years of contesting, Mr. A.C. Murphy was so kind to pay me several visits and he wrote something about his own activities during the CQWWCW contest, edition 2005.

The photographs give a general as well as detailed overview of the station, antennas and visitors.
Click on the photographs to see the full size pictures. Credit for some of the photo's goes to ON5TN and DL2CC.

First shack
The first shack in 1988. Simple means don't necessarily give small results. Ten thousand QSOs were made the first year. Yep, that's a Commodore C64. And a Kenwood TS-430S radio
Second shack
The second shack, also inaugurated in 1988. Dad went under the roof when son was born. Notice my first 286 PC, courtesy ON4AMI. The picture was taken in 1990, an upgrade to a TS-940S radio was made
Third shack
The third shack. We moved houses in 1993, and dad was confined to the garage. After eight years, and two years of waiting for a building permit, there is hope for a final and decent shack
Another view of the third shack. History now. Still can't find space to put the car inside. In 1997 I bought an FT-1000MP from the VK0IR expedition. Later on an amp (the LK-800 from Amp Supply) was added to the setup. Mind you, my first 300 entities were worked barefoot (even though evil souls will tell the contrary, ha!)
Shack to be
Yes, right, I can't wait for this bl..dy permit to get here ! A 3 by 6m shack all for myself, waw ! The canon coming out of the ground, is actually for underground feedlines, which will enter directly in the shack
Lots of hair
This is the amount of hair I had before trying to get this shack building permit, now two years ago
Less hair
See me now ! I pulled out most of my hair, how can one have to wait for two years to get a building permit ! Life's too short for QRP, but also for this nonsense
Jabbadabadoooo....some concrete has been poured
After two and a half years, the building permit came. This is how things stood in January 2003
Getting there...
Inside the work can start
Starting to compose and assemble the bits and pieces of the new shack
Cabling under the radio table. Good labeling from the start is important (so dude, where is the labeling?)
Final painting was done September 2004. Notice the two dualband vhf/uhf antennas on the side walls, used for packet radio and local voice operation
New shack inside
End 2003, the new shack is finished. The LK-800 amp has been replaced by another amplifier, see the horror story on that one here (note: as I learned that the ownership of this amp manufacturer will change in the near future, I decided to leave out the company name)
Celebrating the fourth shack, a couple of beers, notice the books ? Right, DL2CC and ON4UN visiting...
The masked man versus ON4UN in a flycatch fight
31 December 2008. Luc ON5UK was successful in restoring my old TS-940S radio (tnx buddy!). I decided to put the radio back into play, and here's how the shack looks like nowadays. Notice the OM Power amplifier, a trustworthy piece of equipment!
Antenna overview
Left to right : KLM KT34-XA with Cushcraft A3WS on top, 40m quarter wave vertical, vhf/uhf antenna
KT34-XA and A3WS
Close-up of KT34-XA and A3WS. March 2004, a 4 element 6m yagi has been installed in between those antennas (courtesy Karel ON5TN, tnx!)
Ham IV and RCS-8V switch
The Ham IV rotor is mounted at the bottom of the tower for ease of service. It will be replaced by a heavy duty rotor. On the left is the Ameritron RCS-8V Remote Coax Switch, to which the five transmit antennas are connected
Close-up of the RCS-8V. This remote coax switch is 14 years old, and guess what, after all those years not only does it still work flawlesly, the sales price is still the same, would you believe it !!! Way to go Ameritron.
Somewhere in 2003 the Ham IV rotor was replaced by a Yaesu G-2800DXC
Steel tubing to top
Heavy steel pipes go from the rotor all the way to the top
These cables come both from the shack, and from the field to the shack, and pass through this cabinet near the tower. Thanks ON4MA for the new cabinet ! Need to sort it out a bit...
80m Shunt-feed
The vertical shunt-feed wire for the 80m vertical, slopes towards the series capacitor in the cabinet, here an air cap
vacuum varicap
The 80m shunt-feed series capacitor is DC-motor driven and can be tuned for low SWR across the band. The air cap has been replaced by a vacuum varicap and a coaxial fixed cap in parallel
The coaxial fixed cap has been replaced by high voltage caps
This is the final setup, with a heavy duty vacuum varicap, which replaces the previous one
Oops, never say final. Here is the (probable) final setup, with the heavy duty vacuum varicap, which is driven by a simple screw driver. Works like a charm
The base of the 160m inverted-L. Inside the cabinet is an LC matching network. August 2005, this simple antenna yielded 241 countries so far. May 2014, the total is 303 entities. You can find more info on this simple and effective antenna right here
Chicken wire ground system
In the beginning , at the base of the tower chicken wires were used instead of a layer of radial wires. Worked for me
In 2004 we re-did the garden, and 44 radials are permanently underground. In wintertime, another 40 radials are laid out on the Beverage field, as can be seen on the picture. The chicken wires finally got company !
The 40 winter-radials rolled up in springtime
A view down from the tower, I'm working on the 40m quarter wave vertical. The vertical has been moved from the garden to the field
40m vertical ready for sunset
Base of the 40m vertical

Close-up of the 40m vertical base. With one chicken wire and ground rod, SWR was < 1.7:1
Adding five radials of 5m length each, brought SWR to 1.2:1 on the entire band (7-7.2 MHz)
Low SWR doesn't mean good performance. I'm fortunate to have good local ground conditions

It's seldom we get a nice sunset at this QTH, but this one will do
And this is the nicest rainbow ever, doubled up by a faint second rainbow touching the yagi's...wonders of nature
Beverage fields
In winter time, these fields were used to deploy eight Beverage antennas of each about 170m length, spread every 45 degrees (until 2012).
These are the - almost indispensable - tools for successful topband operation.
Late 1997, John ON4UN made this freehand drawing schematic tailor-made for my specific location.
Beverage snowy fields
Snow in Belgium, doesn't happen too often anymore.
The Beverages in winter make for nice views in the early morning hours, when the wires are covered with ice
XYL Katrien inspects the icing on the Beverage wire. Great picture, and her coat is compatible with the weather elements. The 0.8mm Beverage cupper wires don't appreciate the icing, but only few have been overstretched due to the weight and broke
North and South Beverage
All Beverages are supported by 2m tall bamboo sticks. Going straight ahead is the North Beverage, and to the left is the South Beverage
flooded Beverage field
Flooding end of December 2002 in Belgium. Half of the Beverage field is covered with knee-deep water. Here I'm repairing the Northwest Beverage which was lying partly in the water after a duck or goose flew into it
wet boots
Knee-deep water and inappropriate protection, makes for wet boots and socks, and freezing cold feet !
on4ww on raft
Okay, let's try do things better. Mark junior quickly made this raft, tested it the day before, it works great. The white spot in the background, is the furthest away Beverage box, which I need to reach. This is the Southeast-South Beverage box, it doesn't work. Probably the coax cable is damaged while government officials cleared the stream of mud
on4ww stranded
Oops, I got stranded. The water flood is frozen overnight, I need an ICEBREAKER instead of a raft ! In the background is the tower with KT34-XA and A3WS
Here is Katrien, testing the raft, somehow. When she married me, she told people she knew 'she was marrying my radio as well'. Anno 2004, we've been together for 24 years. Life is beautiful, so is she. Quite a woman, to put up with me!
Beverage eye bolts
Eye bolts (such as used on cattle farm land to hold the high voltage wires) are easily attached to a bamboo stick and guide the Beverage wire. The lower eye bolt is used when two Beverage wires cross each other
In the 2008-2009 winter season, I added eye screws to the eye bolts, in order for the Beverage not to jump out. That happened from time to time
Beverage spooling tools
An easy system makes for quick Beverage deployment and take down
Easy Beverage spooling
The electrical screwdriver connected to the spool with the Beverage wire. This setup is used when taking the Beverages down. Easy spooling makes for a time of only just over an hour to take the eight Beverages down in a neat way
Beverage unwinding tool
Deployment is even faster. For unwinding the Beverage, this simple hand tool makes for a time of 35 minutes to installl the eight Beverage wires. However, getting all bamboos in place takes a bit more time. It takes about 4 hours to install the whole system.
First relay box
Depicted is the first relay box near the tower, in which a split is made towards the three Beverage relay boxes
NW-W-SW Beverage box
This is one of those relay boxes, with NW, W and SW directions. For ease of removal during summertime, note the 'eye' connections attached to the end of the wire. The Beverage wires also have such an eye, and both are fastened with a small stainless steel bolt and nut
Beverage box inside
Nothing much to it, simple component circuitry makes for long-life reliability of the setup. This system has been used by ON4UN for many years, and now at my station too
Beverage termination ground rods with resistors at the top. The rods to the right were in use for about 10 seasons. The ones to the left too, but they have just been cleaned before the picture was taken. Necessary! During the 2007-2008 winter season, I noticed my Bevs were not having much F/B anymore. This was the reason why!
K9AY array
In summer time, the K9AY array gives sufficient opportunity for reliable low-band reception. Some bamboo sticks rapped together make for a quick and simple support for the wires
K9ay array switch box
The K9AY array switch box
K9AY box inside
Inside of the K9AY array switch box, very easy to construct
Gary K9AY and xyl Nancy visited our home in mid October 2004. It was a pleasure having them here and showing them bits and pieces of the city of Ghent. What a lot of fun Gary has given to a lot of lowbanders !!
Beverage and K9AY control boxes
Beverage control box on top, K9AY array control box below
New beverage controlbox
January 2009. On top of the ft-1000mp, one can see the K9AY control box, old Beverage control box and the Ameritron coax switch. On the foreground is the newly designed Beverage control box (by Luc ON5UK). I can now switch instantly from e.g. East to Southwest, pure luxury during contesting! Thanks Luc!
Latest beverage controlbox
October 2010. Luc ON5UK designed yet another beverage controlbox. This is the ultimate lowband contesting beverage controlbox. Touch (not press) any heading with your fingertip, et voila. But there is more to it. Check out this short video. Cool eh?!
In 2011 Luc described his design in this article.
And what do you do when a new interference source pops up ? Right, jump on the bike, and find the offender. Here I am using a 160m direction finding unit, and a Sony ICF-PRO80 receiver. How do I find these interference sources? Read all about it here.
CQWWCW 2005. Target : a new European record on topband. Culprit for not succeeding : this sign for Dior, making the NW direction unusable until Sunday 1730z, together with snow static for hours and hours, making six out of eight Beverages unusable !
DCQ : Deliberate Contest QRM
CQWWCW 2005. Both stations in this audio file were requested to QSY. They refused. One is some hundred Herz up of my frequency (sounds like SSB squeaking), the other with bad keyclicks is 500 Hz down.
Heavy duty connectors
I've had it with PL259 and N-connectors. What do you think of these babies ? There is a piece of RG213 with a PL259 and N-connector for reference
Heavy duty connectors
This is how the connectors look on the inside. Aaaah, you gotta love the size...
November 2012, a new project is born. I am replacing the Beverages by an 8 element receive system manufactured by Hi-Z. Read all about the 8 circle array here.
Lowband addict Rys SP5EWY, visiting our home with his XYL Joanna and son Janek on 31 August 2007. We went for a ride and visited John ON4UN, where this picture was taken. Meeting Rys in Friedrichshafen is always a pleasure, but having him here at our home was the icing on the cake !
On 23 October 2008, George K2UO was once more in Belgium. This time he was going to play the CQWW contest from ON4UN's station, and prior to that George paid me a visit. It was from the late eighties or early nineties I met George in my previous QTH. Great to have you back here, George !
On 29 November 2008, Jaro OM3TZZ paid a second visit to our home. During his first visit in 2005, I forgot to take a picture, not this time ! You may remember Jaro from his SU9ZZ days (1999-2001). Jaro and his family live and work in Brussels, I am looking forward to meet this contest and cw buff more often !
On 25 October 2009, Nodir EY8MM visited our home. In 2002 when working in YA and AP-land, one of my flights made a stop-over in Dushanbe, the capital of Tajikistan. Too bad I didn't get to visit Nodir at that time ! Nodir is a top notch topband operator, always keen on exploring the edges. While here, he listened to his 14 year young son Zaur, who was working the CQWW contest as EY8CC !
On 14 and 15 January 2011, top-notch DXer Dick PA3FQA visited our home. We go back a quarter century and have been seeing each other from time to time at the hamradio fest in Friedrichshafen, always big fun! We never visited eachother's homes, until now. An evening and a morning were not enough to exchange all our 'hamradio war stories' that happened during the 25 years we know one another, a week would be more appropriate!!
On 31 August 2011 my good friend Don N1DG paid a visit to our home. I know Don already from the days when his WB2DND callsign kept on appearing in DX Bulletins, and finally met him in 2000 when we were together in Bhutan for the A52A DXpedition. I don't think Don needs an introduction in the DXers' world, everybody knows this great character. We went around to visit John ON4UN and for a touristical tour in the city of Ghent, where we shared many stories over a cold one. Great to have had you come over, Don!
On 2 June 2012 Jaro OM3TZZ brought his friend Rich OM2TW, aka OK8WW along to help out during fieldday (yes, our local club now has the advantage of superb OM operators helping us out!). Rich is one of those (few) hams that are active from 136 kHz till the end of the known spectrum, very VERY high up ! What a character ! And being such an adventurer on all parts of the radio spectrum, he was in total disbelief when he noticed my 160m inv-L. IS THAT ALL YOU GOT ? Rich couldn't believe it and held his head in his hands. Glad to have had you over for a quick BBQ, Rich ! And tnx Jaro for the saucages and veggies !
On 20 June 2012 one of the finest globetrotter DX-peditioner and DX-operators finally made it to our home. I met Roger G3SXW for the first time at a Flanders DX meeting in the late eighties. Little did I know at that time how good an operator he really is. And what a character ! We often find ourselves with a cold one in the Friedrichshafen beergarten, chatting along about DX and trying to improve the world. Well, this year we got a 10 hour chat in the car on our way to F'hafen ! Always a pleasure Roger, come back soon for another cold one on the terrace...
Remember the last time 4U1UN was activated in a grand way? The year was 2009, and this was the driving force behind the activation of 4U1UN: Johnny LA5IIA. He visited our home on 11 November 2014, and immediately spotted my 'Topband worked list' on the fridge in my shack (behind my elbow, on the picture). Sure enough Johnny found one of the many foreign callsigns he has held over the years: YA8G. It was on 21 January 2004 Johnny gave me out of Kabul Afghanistan my #205 on topband! Anyone noticing the date of his visit, won't be surprised we talked a little bit about Bouvet that evening. Great to have had you visit us, Johnny, another eyeball QSO to remember !
Handover Ethics and Operating Procedures
Ethics and Operating Procedures for the Radio Amateur. Well over 1.500 hours of dedicated labour went into this publication. First published in 2008, John ON4UN and I felt that with the ever changing evolution in Ham Radio, it would be beneficial to the Amateur Radio community if this booklet would be handed over to a partner who could take care of it, and adapt it where necessary. This to ensure that future generations of hams will have access to an up-to-date publication, evolving as necessary. The International Amateur Radio Union, founded at the earliest days of Amateur Radio in Paris in 1925, with its vast Ham Radio knowledge base and being the sole continuum in our hobby, was the partner we envisioned for this task. We are proud that IARU has accepted to take over the booklet to ensure its continuation and evolvement. On May 5th 2016, we met Don G3BJ (President IARU Region 1) and Hilary G4JKS in Brussels to officially hand over the document. Click on the picture to see how this went.
On 29 September 1999 at 0613z, EL2WW and ZL1IU made their first QSO on 80m SSB. More QSO's followed when I was at home, the last one in 2019. I often just listen to Nick on 80m SSB, always having an outstanding signal into Europe with his 4-square antenna. Almost a quarter century after our initial QSO between New Zealand and Liberia, I received an e-mail from Theo OT4A informing me that Nick and his XYL Sue were touring in Europe. On April 6th 2023, Nick and Sue visited our home for an eyeball QSO. Time at hand was short, but what a pleasure it was to finally meet and chat ! Nick is one of those laid-back hams, a pleasure hanging out with, it felt like we could chat for days on end.... Hope you have a great European trip and met with many more hams ! And I'll take you up on your promise for a topband QSO... ON4WW standby for ZL1IU.

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